This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Bahadur-Shah-II, ILoveIndia.com - Biography of Bahadur Shah Zafar, Indianetzone - Biography of Bahadur Shah II. He proclaimed himself Peshwa. Bahadur Shah Zafar, also known as Bahadur Shah II, was the last Mughal emperor of India who reigned from 1837 to 1857 for a period of 20 years.As the second son of Akbar Shah II and Lal Bai, he was not his father’s original choice to ascend the throne. Updates? September 2020. Bahadur Shah (born Mirza Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad; 1775 – 1862), also known as Bahadur Shah Zafar and Bahadur Shah II, is the last of India's Mughal emperors, who declares himself supreme ruler of India during Act III: India of The Asian Dynasties campaign. In 1857, when Indian soldiers unified and mutinied against their British masters, Bahadur Shah Zafar was declared their commander-in-chief. He was the son of Akbar Shah from his Hindu wife Lalbai. It gave them the courage, hope and confidence to act.The eople of the towns and villages rose up in rebellion and rallied around local leaders, zamindars and chiefs. He was exiled to far off land Yangon and died there after living a life of a suppressed. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). His tomb is the most simple structure ever belonged to any Mughal. That very day, his … Bahadur Shah, after the death of his father, was placed on the throne in 1837 when he was little over 60 years of age. 29. Answer: (a) Son of Peshwa Baji Rao II Nana Saheb was the son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. First of all the story which I’m about to tell here will be chilling. English: Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar, also known as Bahadur Shah or w:Bahadur Shah II ; October 24 1775 – 7 November 1862) was the last of the Mughal emperors in India, as well as the last ruler of the Timurid Dynasty. (a) Son of Peshwa Baji Rao II (b) Son of Rani Lakshmi Bai (c) Son of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah (d) None of these. He delcared that he was a Governor under emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar. However, circumstances ultimately led to his ascension to the throne after his father’s death. Bahādur Shāh II, also called Bahādur Shāh Ẓafar, (born October 24, 1775, Delhi, India—died November 7, 1862, Rangoon [now Yangon], Myanmar), the last Mughal emperor of India (reigned 1837–57). He was the son of Akbar Shah II and Lalbai, who was a Hindu Rajput. At that time he was 60. Bahadur Shah Zafar took refuge in the Humayun’s tomb from where he was apprehended by Major William Hudson. Bahadur Shah Zafar’s decision to bless the rebellion changed the entire situation dramatically. Bahadur Shah Zafar (24th October, 1775 – 7th November, 1862) Bahadur Shah Zafar or Bahadur Shah II, born as Mirza Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad, on 24 October, 1775, was the last Mughal emperor. Bahadur Shah Zafar, the ageing emperor had to accept the demand of soldiers forcefully and appoint himself as their leader. He was the second son of and became the successor to his father, Akbar II, upon his death on 28 September, 1837. Bahadur Shah Zafar was crowned in Delhi on September 18, 1838. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …the aged titular Mughal emperor, Bahādur Shah II, as their leader. For reprint rights: Times Syndication Service, Rohtang tunnel project way behind schedule, ‘Vaccination card’: Your toddler’s Health Passport, The great-great granddaughters of Bahadur Shah Zafar, Raunaque Zamani Begum (left, holding the portrait of the Mughal emperor) and her sister Zeenat Mahal Shaikh with their sons in Begum's one-room home in Navi Mumbai, Covid-19 vaccine: Govt to conduct dry run in 4 states next week, Farmers stir: PM says govt ready to hold talks on issues, facts, Why China turned against Jack Ma's Alibaba empire, Superstar Rajinikanth admitted to hospital, Let Aussies play mind games, we will focus on our team: Ajinkya Rahane, Famous Christmas foods from across the world, Terms of Use and Grievance Redressal Policy. After the rebellion was put down by the British, he was tried and exiled to Burma (Myanmar) with his family. He became the Mughal Emperor upon his father's death on 28 September 1837. His father was Akbar Shah … Ram Nath Kovind. He was the second son of Akbar Shāh II and Lāl Bāī. He was the son of Akbar Shah II and Lalbai, who was a Hindu Rajput. Answer. The son of Bahadur Shah Zafar’s spiritual master Kale Miyan Saheb Chisti Nizami Fakhri, heard of their plight and arranged finances for them. Shah's plans were intercepted by the emperor, who imprisoned him several times. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Bahadur Shah himself was exiled to Rangoon where he died in 1862 at the age of 87. Firstly, I’m a Malaysian and I’m saying this because I would like to avoid any confusion or arguments. There at a stroke was an army, a cause, and a national leader—the only Muslim who appealed to both Hindus and Muslims.…, The last Mughal, Bahādur Shah II (reigned 1837–57), was exiled to Yangon, Myanmar (Rangoon, Burma) by the British after his involvement with the Indian Mutiny of 1857–58.…. As the second son of Akbar Shah II and Lal Bai, he was not his father’s original choice to ascend the throne. The family also wants the pension paid to Sultana, who continues to live in Kolkata, to be increased. In his youth, he conspired to overthrow his father Aurangzeb, the sixth Mughal emperor, and ascend to the throne. In Lucknow, Birjis Qadr, the son of the deposed Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, was proclaimed the new Nawab. While some part of Bahadur Shah's opus was lost or destroyed during the unrest of 1857-1858, a large collection did survive, and was later compiled into the Kulliyyat-i Zafar. The people could see an alternative possibility, they felt inspired and enthused. Early morning of next day after 10th May sepoys reached Delhi and as the news spread sepoys in Delhi also rose rebellion. See more ideas about indian history, mughal, love poetry images. The story of Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last mughal, is the most tragic part of the glory called Mughal Dynasty. The last Mughal king, Bahadur Shah, better known as Bahadur Shah Zafar, was born in 1775 at Delhi. However, circumstances ultimately led to his ascension to the throne after his father’s death. Sultana Begum was married to the great-grandson of Bahadur Shah Zafar, Mirza Bedar Bakht, who died in Kolkata in 1980. Aug 2, 2018 - Explore Ihtisham Hussain's board "Bahadur Shah Zafar", followed by 129 people on Pinterest. He became the Mughal Emperor upon his See more ideas about Pyinmana, Last emperor, Red fort. He declared that he was a governor under Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar. Corrections? Eventually Mirza Fakhru was confirmed as the successor to Bahadur Shah Zafar in 1853 by the British Agent Thomas Metcalfe. He was the second son of Akbar Shāh II and Lāl Bāī. He was arrested by the British Army after it captured Delhi in September 1857. Only a handful of relatives were present when Bahadur Shah Zafar II breathed his last in a shabby wooden house in Rangoon (now Yangon) in 1862. 28. Those who are soft-hearted, I kindly advise you to skip my answer. Omissions? Bahadur Shah's descendants will lay claim to Red Fort, Copyright © 2020 Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. All rights reserved. Bahadur Shah Zafar, also known as Bahadur Shah II, was the last Mughal emperor of India who reigned from 1837 to 1857 for a period of 20 years. Saved by Robert Schwab 30. Bahadur Shah(24 October 1775 - 7 November 1862) Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar, also known as Bahadur Shah or Bahadur Shah II was the last of the Mughal emperors in India, as well as the last ruler of the Timurid Dynasty. NEW DELHI: Frail and gaunt, Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar gave himself up to the British at Humayun’s Tomb at the end of a tense day on September 21, 1857. Answers ( 1) Bahadur Shah Zafar was not a capable son of a capable father. Tomb of Bahadur Shah Zafar in Rangoon. He proclaimed himself Peshwa. He was the son of Akbar Shah … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He was the last of the Mughal emperors who ruled India for three centuries. The initial heir to Bahadur Shah Zafar, Mirza Dara Bakht died from feaver in 1849 triggering fierce competition among the surviving princes. He figured briefly, and reluctantly, in the Indian Mutiny of 1857–58; during the mutiny, rebel troops from the city of Meerut seized Delhi and compelled Bahādur Shāh to accept nominal leadership of the revolt. Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar, also known as Bahadur Shah or Bahadur Shah II was the last of the Mughal emperors in India, as well as the last ruler of the Timurid Dynasty. Bahadur Shah, also known as Muhammad Mu'azzam and Shah Alam, was the seventh Mughal emperor of India, ruled from 1707 until his death in 1712. The Royal family was first sent to Allahabad and eventually to Calcutta as prisoners. Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar, the great-grandfather of Sultana's husband, was placed on the throne in 1837. Basti, who had stood by them like a rock, was sent home from Bombay with whatever reward they afford for his invaluable services. For most of his reign he was a client of the British and was without real authority. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The very next day his sons Mirza Mughal, Mirza Khizzer Sultan and grandson Mirza Abu Bakar were executed. From 1696 to 1707, he was governor of Akbarabad, Kabul and Lahore. He was named Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar during his birth but was more popular as Bahadur Shah Zafar. At the age of 85 he was brought to Yangon as a Royal Captive of the British. They left for Mecca to make the Hajj pilgrimage. Circa 1850-60. Bahadur Shah Zafar addressed the Khwaja and said that he had been reconciled to his fate for a long time. The captors had sent him a terse message that he’d be shot if he tried to escape. 27. He was more of a poet and an artist at heart than … He was a poet, musician, and calligrapher, more an aesthete than a political leader. It was decided to end British rule and setup Bahadur Shah Zafar as ruler of the land. Although Bahadur Shah Zafar was a better and more courageous ruler than many of his predesessors he was not an administrator per se. (From left) Mirza Jawan Bakht and Mirza Shah Abbas, sons of Bahadur Shah Zafar. For most of his reign he was a client of the … This marked the end of the Mughal rule in India. He was a Sufi himself with great faith in … After Aurangzeb's death, his eldest son by his chief consort, Muhammad Azam Shah, decl… The issue of the succession is probably the answer. He was a poet, musician, and calligrapher, more an aesthete than a political leader. 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